Is the climate strategy realistic?

Regulation & Policy, Renewables    Nov 12, 2021 2:55 PM

President Iván Duque presented Colombia’s strategy to mitigate climate change by 2050. Camilo Prieto, founder of the Colombian Environmental Movement, spoke about the strategy.

Prieto said that the climate strategy establishes very ambitious commitments, Portafolio reported.

“The strategy proposes to reduce 51% of its emissions by 2030. I wonder, how we are going to do it,” Prieto said.

He said that Colombia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions matrix is very different from those in other parts of the world.

“55% of GHG emissions are related to agriculture, livestock, and deforestation and not properly with energy or transportation,” Prieto said.

The expert said that cattle ranching emits more GHG than transportation in Colombia, according to the IDEAM. He said that the main tools to control these emissions have to focus on the countryside, and land use.

“We have to generate sustainable agricultural strategies, sustainable livestock production,” Prieto highlighted.

Prieto said that it is useless to say that “we are going to reduce emissions”, when the “how” is not reflected in the long-term policy that the government plans.

The expert said that Colombia has committed to reduce methane emissions as well, but there is no clarity on how this process will be developed.

“Colombia has taken natural gas as a transition energy and is betting on having more natural gas extraction projects,” he said.

Prieto said that the country needs more clarity and certainty on how it plans to achieve these goals.

“We see very interesting proposals and speeches, but there is a lack of information on how to achieve these goals,” Prieto concluded.

Bottom-Line: Prieto has a point, the government’s targets are very difficult to meet, considering that authorities have focused their speeches on strategies for sustainable mobility and the extractive sector.

However, little or nothing is known about GHG reduction plans in the agriculture and livestock sector which is electorally complicated.

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